This section contains various Reports and Analytical Notes by Manthan’s team members under the Water and Coal theme.
Lest We Forget – A status report of neglect of coal ash accidents in India (August 2019–May 2021) by the Fly Ash Watch Group
Widespread coal flyash mismanagement and non-compliance with laws, norms, and court orders by thermal power plants highlight that ash pollution from power generation is yet to be treated as a serious threat by authorities and power generators. Lest We Forget provides the current status of eight coal ash accidents that have occurred in India between August 2019 and May 2021. Spanning across six states, the accidents are of ash pond breaches, ash slurry pipeline leaks, and ash slurry discharge into water bodies. The report provides information on the underlying causes of the accidents, the latest status of compensation, remediation, and follow-up action (or lack thereof), and recommendations for the way forward. The report is a collaborative effort of ASAR Social Impact Advisors Pvt. Ltd., Centre for Research on Energy & Clean Air, and Manthan Adhyayan Kendra and has been brought out on behalf of the collective of the Fly Ash Watch Group.
Read Full Report Here.
Report Published on 7th July 2021
व्यावसायिक कोयला खनन हेतु नीलामी: छत्तीसगढ के माण्ड रायगढ़ क्षेत्र की खदानों को शामिल करने से गंभीर कानूनी, सामाजिक एवं पारिस्थितिक चिंताएँ
दिनांक 18 जून 2020 को प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी के द्वारा आत्म निर्भर भारत अभियान के तहत 41 कोयला खण्डों के लिए बेरोक-टोक खनन हेतु नीलामी प्रक्रिया प्रारंभ की जिनमें अंतिम उपयोग अथवा अंतिम उपयोगकर्ता, बिक्री या उपयोग, गैस या द्रव्य में परिवर्तन, या निर्यात पर कोई प्रतिबंध नहीं है ।
व्यावसायिक कोयला खनन के लिए देश भर से चयनित 41 कोयला खदानों में से, छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य के उच्च जैव-विविधता क्षेत्र तथा प्रस्तावित लेमरु हाथी रिजर्व में स्थित 5 कोयला खदानों को स्थानीय समुदायों और छत्तीसगढ़ सरकार के कड़े विरोध के कारण नीलामी की सूची से बाहर किया गया।
हालांकि, कुछ दिनो बाद, 3 अन्य खदानों को इस नीलामी की सूची में शामिल किया गया जो की उस क्षेत्र में स्थित है जो की पहले से ही कोयला खनन और ताप विद्युत उत्पादन का कहर झेल रहा है। इससे भी अधिक महत्व की बात यह है कि इस इलाके की नई खदानों को नीलामी में शामिल करना राष्ट्रीय हरित अधिकरण (एनजीटी) के आदेश का स्पष्ट उल्लंघन है और इसे गंभीर कानूनी चुनौती का सामना करना पड़ सकता है।
यह नोट इस मुद्दे पे विस्तृत तरीके से प्रकाश डालता है ।
पढ़ने के लिये यहां क्लिक करे.
प्रकाशन तिथि: 16 सितंबर 2020
Commercial Coal Mining Auctions : Legal, Social & Ecological concerns around inclusion of mines in Mand Raigarh of Chhattisgarh.
18th June 2020 saw the launch of the auction process for 41 coal blocks where coal can be mined for entirely commercial purposes in India. Of the total, 9 mines were from the state of Chhattisgarh. Following strong resistance from communities and the state government, five coal mines falling in the Hasdeo forest and proposed Lemru Elephant Reserve were withdrawn. In lieu of these, three new mines falling in the Mand Raigarh coalfield were added to the list. This note highlights the legal, social and ecological concerns around inclusion of the mines in Mand Raigarh of Chhattisgarh. Raigarh district has borne the brunt of coal mining and related operations for over two decades; legal cognisance of the same has also been taken. If any of the three coal mines later added to the list were to become operational, they could be in direct contravention of a February 2020 order of the National Green Tribunal, which directed, “No further expansion or new projects in the area before thorough evaluation.”
This note highlights the legal, social and ecological concerns around inclusion of the mines in Mand Raigarh of Chhattisgarh.
Note Published on 16th September 2020
Read Full Note Here
ताप विद्युत् संयंत्रो द्वारा जल उपयोग के मानको के उल्लंघन पर मंथन अध्ययन केंद्र द्वारा, सूचना के अधिकार के अंतर्गत प्राप्त जानकारी पर आधारित सारांश रिपोर्ट I
Wide-spread Non-Compliance as Thermal Power Plants don’t Meet Water Use Norms
This new Note by Manthan Adhyayan Kendra brings out widespread non-compliance by thermal power plants with legally binding limits on how much water they are allowed to use. The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change had issued a Notification on 7 December 2015 to set legally binding limits on water to be used for each unit of electricity generated (i.e., Specific Water Consumption) by thermal power plants throughout the country. They had to comply by Dec 2017.
This Note is based on an ongoing study by Manthan Adhyayan Kendra using information accessed under the RTI Act 2005, and apart from the non-compliance, highlights several other issues of concern, and gives a set of recommendations to improve monitoring and implementation.
Read the Summary here
Read the Full Note here
Comments on the Standard Conditions to be Stipulated in Environmental Clearances for Thermal
Power Plants, Issued by MoEFCC on 19 Nov 2018
On 19th Nov 2018, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) issued Standard Conditions for Thermal Power Sector to be stipulated as conditions while granting the environmental clearance (EC). This note looks at these Standard Conditions to understand whether they strengthen the environmental protection regime vis-à-vis the conditions being stipulated currently while granting ECs.
Note published on 7 Jan 2019.
Read full note here.
Many Thermal Power Plants Violating Zero Waste Water Discharge Norms
The Notification by Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change of Dec 2015 requires all thermal power plants installed after Jan 2017 to achieve Zero Waste Water discharge. However, information obtained by Manthan under the Right to Information Act shows this being grossly violated. The note, part of our ongoing monitoring of compliance of thermal power plants to environmental norms related to water, gives details.
Note Published on 5th Dec 2018.
Read full note here.
Loss of 7 Billion Units power generation due to raw water shortage at coal based thermal power stations in India from June 2016 to April 2017
Coal based thermal power generation needs huge amounts of water. Water shortages have been affecting power generation at such plants on a regular basis. Manthan is monitoring such loss in generation on an ongoing basis. This brief note documents the loss in power generation at coal based power plants due to shortage of water.
Report Published 18th May 2017.
Read full report here.
Environmental Violations in and around Coalmines, Washeries and Thermal Power Plants of Tamnar & Gharghoda Blocks, Dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh, Report of Fact Finding Team.
A two-member fact finding team comprising of environmental and social researchers Shripad Dharmadhikary and Manshi Asher inquired into the complaints about environmental pollution, loss of land and livelihood and other impacts of coal mines, coal-washeries and thermal power plants in the Tamnar and Gharghoda blocks of Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh. The focus of the team was on impacts related to water. This is a report of the fact finding team.
Report, published November 2016.
Read full report here
On 8th Dec 2015, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Government of India, notified new regulations concerning emissions and water use of thermal power plants (TPPs) in India. This note analyses some implications of these new regulations with respect to the water consumption limits of coal based power plants.
Note, published on 8th Feb 2016.
Impacts of Coastal Coal Based Thermal Power Plants on Water : Field visit Report
Coal based thermal power plants (CTPPs) need water in huge quantities, and hence have a significant impact on water resources in the surroundings. However, it is generally assumed that few such concerns exist with respect to coastal coal based power plants as they use sea water, which is available in virtually unlimited amounts. This is fallacious thinking, because it is based on an understanding that sees the use of water by CTPPs only in arithmetic or algebraic terms. In reality, the impact of CTPPs on water is multi-faceted and based on a multi-dimensional, complex relationship. This report brings out such impacts of coastal thermal power plants based on field visit to several such projects.
Report, published 28 October 2014
Read full report here.