INLAND WATERWAYS

The Government of India in April 2016 launched the ambitious National Inland Waterways program that plans to convert 111 rivers or river stretches into large commercial waterways. These waterways represent possibly the largest intervention in and  disruption of our rivers, second only to large dams.

Manthan has initiated a programme of detailed study of these waterways, their implementation and their impacts.

 

Reports and Articles in this Theme

 


Modi’s Waterway Project in Varanasi May Only Do More Damage to the Ganga

Inland waterways can damage fragile river ecosystems. But the government is bending the legal framework to ignore the risks. Shripad Dharmadhikary reports in The Wire.

Article Published on 12th Nov 2018

Read full article here.

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Monthly Updates on National Inland Waterways of India
Update-2: Developments in October 2018

In continuation with the ongoing analysis of National Waterways of India, Manthan has decided to compile, on a monthly basis, major news updates from various media reports, Press Information Bureau (PIB) releases and other sources like RTI. Since work on various inland waterways is being pushed with great speed in different parts of the country, we will be updating these developments with the intention to make people more informed and involved in this massive intervention in the Indian rivers. Your support, comments and feedback will be helpful in enriching our analysis on waterways.

Update published in Oct 2018.

Read the full update here.

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नदीहंता प्रयास

मार्च 2016 को भारतीय संसद में राष्ट्रीय जलमार्ग अधिनियम पारित किया गया। इसके चलते 111 नदियों या उनके कुछ हिस्सों को राष्ट्रीय (अंतर्देशीय) जलमार्ग घोषित किया गया है। इन जलमार्गों के विकास के लिए नदियों में तल की खुदाई, नदी मोड़ को सीधा करना और बैराज बनाने इत्यादि गतिविधियोंसे नदियों की पूरी पारिस्थितिकी, जीव जंतु, वनस्पति, मछलियां सभी बड़ी मात्रा में प्रभावित होंगी। Down to Earth हिंदी पत्रिका में लिखा श्रीपाद धर्माधिकारी का लेख।

प्रकाशित, ५ नवंबर २०१८

पढ़ने के लिये यहां क्लिक करे.

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Monthly Updates on National Inland Waterways of India
Update-1: Developments in September 2018

In continuation with the ongoing analysis of National Waterways of India, Manthan has decided to compile, on a monthly basis, major news updates from various media reports, Press Information Bureau (PIB) releases and other sources like RTI. Since work on various inland waterways is being pushed with great speed in different parts of the country, we will be updating these developments with the intention to make people more informed and involved in this massive intervention in the Indian rivers. Your support, comments and feedback will be helpful in enriching our analysis on waterways.

Update published in Sept 2018.

Read the full update here.

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National waterways in need of a new course

The Centre gears up to take national control of the Kosi and Gandak rivers in north Bihar and turn them into commercial waterways, leaving many important questions unanswered or ignored. Shripad Dharmadhikary and the Manthan team reports in India Together.

Article, published 5 Aug 2018.

Read the full article here.

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बिहार के राष्ट्रीय अन्तर्देशीय जलमार्ग : एक विवरण

बिहार में गंगा, कोसी, गंडक, घाघरा, सोन, पुनपुन और कर्मनाशा नदियों को राष्ट्रीय जलमार्ग घोषित किया गया है।बड़े बांधों के बाद जलमार्ग ही शायद हमारी नदियों में सबसे बड़े हस्तक्षेप हैं और इनके कई गंभीर प्रभाव हैं | इस रिपोर्ट में बिहार के इन जलमार्गों का संक्षिप्त परिचय दिया गया है, और इन जलमार्गों से जुड़े महत्व के मुद्दे, चुनौतियाँ और समस्याओं की चर्चा की गयी है |

रपट प्रकाशन : जून  2018.

इस रिपोर्ट का पीडीएफ वर्जन यहॉं से डाउनलोड किया जा सकता है।

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National Inland Waterways in Bihar: A Profile

With the implementation of National Waterways Act, 2016 seven rivers of Bihar, namely Ganga, Kosi, Gandak, Ghaghra, Punpun, Sone, and Karamnasa have been declared as National Inland Waterways. Inland waterway possibly represent the biggest intervention in our rivers, second only to large dams. They are likely to have several serious impacts. This report gives a brief profile of the inland waterways planned in Bihar’s rivers, and lays out important issues, problems and challenges associated with these waterways.

Report, published June 2018.

Read the full report here.

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National and International Inland Waterways in Kosi and Gandak Rivers: A Preliminary Report

With the implementation of National Waterways Act, 2016 seven rivers of Bihar, namely Ganga, Kosi, Gandak, Ghaghra, Punpun, Sone, and Karamnasa have been declared as National Inland Waterways. The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has taken up the work on the Kosi, Gandak an Ganga waterways on a priority basis. In April 2018, the Governments of India and Nepal announced that Kosi and Gandak waterway would be extended into Nepal to convert them into international waterways. Given this, Manthan has taken up a detailed study of the Gandak and Kosi waterways, based on a field visit, meetings with officials, local communities and representatives of civil society, as well detailed study of related documents. This Preliminary Report presents the initial findings and recommendations of the study. Since new developments are taking place at a rapid pace, we are studying these and will come with an updated and revised report in due course.

Report, published July 2018.

Read the full report here.

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India’s national waterways: what are the impacts on rivers, ecology and livelihoods?

“The government has made a strong push for inland waterways but confusion over environmental assessments and clearance processes cloud development.” Shripad Dharmadhikary raises some fundamental questions in this article.

Article, published 9 Nov 2017.

Read the full article here.

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राष्‍ट्रीय अंतर्देशीय जलमार्ग स्थिति रिपोर्ट

भारत सरकार ने हाल ही में राष्ट्रीय अंतर्देशीय जलमार्गो की एक महत्वकांक्षी परियोजना को हाथ में लिया है। इस

परियोजना के तहत भारत की 111 नदियों में बड़े और व्यावसायिक अंतर्देशीय जलमार्ग बनाने हैं। बड़े बॉंधों के बाद शायद अंतर्देशीय जलमार्ग नदियों के विनाश के सबसे बड़े कारण के रूप में उभर रहा है।

मंथन और श्रुति की यह नई रपट अंतर्देशीय जलमार्गों से संबंधित मुद्दों की विस्‍तृत विवेचना प्रस्‍तुत करती है। जिसमें जलमार्गो से जुड़े तथ्य, क़ानूनी प्रावधान और उसकी पर्याप्तता, जलमार्ग बनाने और उनके रखरखाव के लिए हस्तक्षेप, इन हस्तक्षेपों का सामाजिक, पर्यावरणीय और आर्थिक परिणाम शामिल हैं। साथ ही, यह रिपोर्ट इन जलमार्गों की व्यवहार्यता सहित कुछ बुनयादी मुद्दों को उठाती है और कुछ महत्वपूर्ण सुझाव भी देती है। रिपोर्ट पर आपकी टिप्पणियों और सुझावों का स्वागत है।

लेखक: श्रीपाद धर्माधिकारी और जिंदा सांडभोर, हिंदी अनुवाद: योगेन्द्र दत्त, प्रकाशन: मंथन अध्ययन केंद्र और SRUTI, नई दिल्ली.

रपट प्रकाशन : 30 मार्च 2017

इस रिपोर्ट का पीडीएफ वर्जन यहॉं से डाउनलोड किया जा सकता है।

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National Inland Waterways in India: A Strategic Status Report

The Government of India has recently launched the ambitious National Inland Waterways program that plans to convert 111 rivers or river stretches into large commercial waterways. These waterways represent possibly the largest intervention in and  disruption of our rivers, second only to large dams.

This new report examines the scope and extent of the waterways program, its rationale, the legal regime and its adequacy, interventions needed to create and maintain waterways, impacts of these interventions – social, environmental and financial, questions  about the  viability and  desirability of waterways, and raises several key issues and presents suggestions for the way forward.

Authored by Shripad Dharmadhikary  and Jinda Sandbhor, Published by Manthan Adhyayan Kendra and SRUTI, New Delhi. Comments and feedback are welcome.

Report, published 30 March 2017.

Read the full report here.